Regulatory Program: Drainage Permits
Water Resource Districts (WRD) and the Office of the State Engineer (OSE) are responsible for regulating drainage in North Dakota as authorized under North Dakota Century Code title 61.
North Dakota Century Code (NDCC) differentiates between permitting processes for surface drainage and subsurface water management systems (a.k.a. drain tile systems).
Surface Drainage (NDCC § 61-32-03)
- A permit is required before draining a pond, slough, lake or sheetwater, or any series thereof, that has a watershed area (i.e., drainage area) of 80 acres or more.
- An “Application for Surface Drain” is submitted first to the OSE.
Subsurface Water Management Systems (NDCC § 61-32-03.1)
- A permit is required for the installation of a subsurface water management system comprising 80 acres of land area or more.
- An “Application to Install a Subsurface Water Management System” must be submitted to the water resource district of jurisdiction.
North Dakota’s WRDs are primarily responsible for regulating drainage in North Dakota, including reviewing applications for both surface and subsurface drainage, while the OSE is responsible for reviewing applications for surface drainage of statewide or interdistrict significance. The OSE is also responsible for reviewing emergency drain permit applications.
Program Rules & Guidance
Drainage Permit Applications
Applications for emergency, subsurface, or surface drains are available for download at the following links.
A complaint of unauthorized construction of a drain may be filed with the WRD of jurisdiction. The WRD will determine if a landowner or tenant constructed a drain without first securing a permit as required under NDCC 61-32-03 or 61-32-03.1, or in conflict with the terms or conditions of a drainage permit.
A WRD decision on a drainage complaint may be appealed to the OSE within 30 days of receipt of the WRD’s decision on the complaint.
If the WRD does not act on the complaint within a reasonable time (120 days), the original complaint may be filed with the OSE within 150 days of the original submittal date.
Obstruction To Drain/Watercourse Complaints
A complaint of obstruction to a drain or watercourse may be filed with the WRD of jurisdiction. The WRD will determine if a landowner or tenant has intentionally or negligently caused an obstruction to a natural watercourse or drain. A WRD decision on an obstruction to a drain complaint may be appealed to the district court of the county in which the land is located.
Drainage Permits Database
Provides access to available information for drainage permits that have been issued in North Dakota.
For more information please contact the Regulatory Division at (701) 328-2752 or e-mail.